Dualband 3×5 Cross Yagi 145Mhz – 435Mhz mounting and measurements

Dualband 3×5 cross yagi 145Mhz – 435Mhz

This is the actual measurements of the cross yagi antenna I’ve used for satellite work, though the inline version of this yagi in which the VHF and UHF side are mounted inline but on the opposite side of the boom will also work for satellite communication. Inline version is here.

I have optimized this antenna for 145Mhz and 435Mhz painfully adjusting the exact length of the phasing harness to obtain lowest possible SWR/S11 curve on the antenna analyzer (measurements taken while actually holding the antenna). I just use 1/4λ length of the phasing harness, factoring the velocity factor of the coax for the actual length of the cable. VHF 145Mhz and UHF 435Mhz are complimentary harmonics frequency by design, actual length of the phasing harness are equal and using PL259 connector at both ends of the coaxial cable this connects to T-connector SO239. Patch cable is RG58 coax connector at the end is PL259 which will connect to the T-connector SO239, the opposite end of the RG58 coax is an SMA male connector which connect to my Vector Impedance Analyzer and also double as a patch cable for the radio which is about 65cm.

Materials preparation

The bill of materials are similar to the inline version of this build except for the boom which uses 1 X 1 inch square boom.

Cross Yagi 3x5 145Mhz - 435Mhz

Download the PDF document version here

4NEC2 Antenna Data

4Nec2 data shows beamwidth, expected pattern and predicted gain.

145Mhz 4NEC2 Data
145Mhz 4NEC2 Data
435Mhz 4NEC2 Data
435Mhz 4NEC2 Data

Antenna analyzer measurements and actual video footage

Measurements are taken while holding the antenna and the analyzer since we know that yagi interacts with the actual measurements if it’s too close to an object. This is to simulate the actual use case when using the antenna aiming it to the satellites.

Actual build, measure, cut and drill

These are some photos I took when building the antenna.

Preparing the materials 3x5 cross yagi
Preparing the materials 3×5 cross yagi and drilling holes.
Mounting the elements
Mounting the elements of the 3×5 cross yagi. Elements are fastened at the center with the screw, chosen so that it just touches the wall of the boom.
Preparing the feed point
Preparing the feed point. Dual feed point which will connect to the T-connector via phasing harness
Gamma match preparation
Gamma match preparation which will serve as our feed point for our yagi
Gamma Match final look
Gamma Match final look and feel. The tuning stub are now properly connected to the antenna.

Initial testing of this antenna

I initially test this antenna using a phasing harness of 75ohms at 1/4λ x 3 for the actual length of the harness considering the velocity factor of the coax. The final use case testing, uses 1/4λ x velocity factor for the actual length of the phasing harness.

The fun part programming the radio before the hunt

Programming the radio with the satellite frequencies before the actual bird hunting. Since I work on a budget a Baofeng radio will suffice. I used a CIGNUS radio a rebranded radio that uses Baofeng internally ;). I encoded the frequency on the radio using CHIRP taking note of the CTCSS tone for each satellite and marking the channel name as name of the satellite and U for uplink D for downlink and A for arm to trigger some satellite timers before use.

Programming the satellite frequencies
Programming the satellite frequencies before actual hunt. This setup will work on cheap radios for the budget concious ;).
Cignus UV85
Cignus UV85 a rebranded Baofeng radio which I uses for satellite work. Who say’s you need too expensive gear to work satellites?

Aside from programming the frequencies on your radio you also need a satellite tracker to predict the passes of the satellite you’re hunting. I uses Gpredict which works on both Windows and Linux machines, for Android you may use AmsatDroid Free version and tons of other satellites tracking apps on both Android and IOS.

Satellite tracking
I use Gpredict for satellite tracking which work on both Windows and Linux machines, because of a very useful interface for predicting satellite passes. You may also use apps on both Android and IOS smart phones

The fun part really start when you begin the hunt and successfully received a very readable reception on your radio coupled with your homebrew antenna. If you’re not familiar with the actual satellite operations listen first until you feel comfortable pressing the PTT on your radio. Satellite resource hog are always frown upon so be courteous every time. Have fun!, and if you feel this will help someone feel free to share, thanks again!

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